Volume / Issue
Journal of architecture and plannin Volume9, 2
Article The Role of Social Network in Innovative Milieu via Perspective of Social Capital-A Case of Hsin Chu
Author Tai-Shan Hu, Ben-Zin Chia, Hung-Nien Hsieh, Mei-Hua Lai

This research employs the conceptualization approach of social capital to establish a theoretical and operationable model via the though of social, cognitive, organizational and social proximity explored by the related references. Meanwhile, use Hsinchu area for case study to investigate how the talent community exploits community interaction and network relations to acquire and diffuse various innovation knowledge and activities, and form the innovation environment in intangible perspectives. Moreover, this work will asses the importance of the configuration of community networking in cluster via case study. Especially looking at differences in the sign, growth, origin and innovative characteristics, and in the role or otherwise of both local collections leaning processes and global networking as possible key influences by social capital. Furthermore, in order to sustain the competitive advantages of cluster, besides the promotion of physical environment the sustainability of social capital and community networking plays the key role among the resignation of strategies of industry potential environment. This work will conduct a deeply study for the condition and the result will be an important indicator for establishing industrial environment.

Keywords community networking, innovation environment, social capital, integration of industry cluster
Pages pp.77 - 99


WANG,CHUNG-TIEN, 2003, SOCIAL CAPITAL: Concept, Origin, Status, Issues and research, Issues & Studies , 42 (5) :139-163.

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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume9, 2
Article The Effects of Various Types of Street Canyons on the Urban Wind Environment
Author Yin-Hao Chiu, Meng-Fang Wu, Cheng-Hung Tan

The present investigation aims at exploring the urban wind environment due to the various dimensions of streets and building layouts. Such a study which involves field measurement and long term monitoring is expected and the consumption of cost is high. In order to determine the effects of several parameters which may influence the urban wind environment, CFD was employed after the validation of CFD by the comparison with field measurement results. The effects of various scales of street canyons and layouts were simulated by means of CFD and the factors studied herein include the street aspect ratio, building layout and wind speed. The average velocity ratio was used for the analysis of wind environment. Optimistically, the result obtained from this work can be useful for the architectural design and urban planning.

Keywords Urban wind environment, urban aspect ratio, average velocity ratio Computational Fluid Dynamics
Pages pp.141 - 165


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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume9, 2
Article What Are Elders' Needs for Urban Transportation Systems? A Case Study of Residents in Taipei Municip
Author Jen-Jia Lin, Ming-Shan Sie

Because of the tendency of aging population, it is very important to explore the transportation demand of elders and develop strategies of urban transportation systems according to their demand. The objective of this study was to figure elders' needs for urban transportation systems and develop transportation strategies for elders. The study began with developing evaluation criteria via literature review. Then questionnaire surveys on an elder, who lives in Taipei Municipal Haoran Senior Citizens Home, where processed. Analytic network process and forward-backward approach were employed to explore elder's demand on urban transportation systems and to develop necessary strategies. This study achieve the following contributions: first, a clear and comprehensive evaluation system for assessing that elder's transportation demand is recommended. Second, the relative importance or weight for each criterion is investigated, and can be applied to evaluate transportation projects. Third, the opinion distinctions of urban transportation systems between expert and elder are identified. Finally, this study recommends the government to the following two strategies: (1) popularizing transportation safety education and training, and (2) improving the existed transportation facilities. The strategies will satisfy elder's demand and establish a nice moving environment for elders.

Keywords aged society, transportation systems, analytic network process, forward-backward approach
Pages pp.101 - 121


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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume9, 2
Article Exploration of the Network Connectivity Pattern of the Global Cities: A Case of the Airline Routes
Author Cheng-Chung Lu, Shih-Kung Lai

Globalization has become an apparent phenomenon in the twenty first century. Its impacts are widely observed, including economical, political, societal, industrial, trading, cultural, and touring aspects. We can consider the cities as nodes in the global networks by mapping the chart of the connectivity relationship and generaling the connectivity concept of the global cities. It is useful to explore the network connectivity pattern of the cities and to find the important relationship in the network. The present paper shows the case of the Singapore airline route, judging the network connectivity pattern of the global cities to see whether it has the characteristic of the small-world network identified by the small-world theory of the network science. The result shows that the Singapore airline route does not have characteristic of the small-world network. However, the present paper chooses the inappropriate sample resulting in biased result through careful inspection of the calculation process, so the hypothesis that the network connectivity pattern has the characteristic of small-world network cannot be rejected by the experiment result. In addition, for the small-world network to be useful, the present paper preliminarily finds that the characteristic of the three indices of the small-world network can be used to identify the city competitiveness index to judge the competitiveness of the airport assicuated cities. Although the experimental result is beyond our expectation, it demonstrates that the analytic method of the small-world network is useful, inspiring the discussion of the network connectivity pattern of the global cities and the application of the small-world network.

Keywords small-world network, airline route connectivity network
Pages pp.123 - 140

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