Volume / Issue
Journal of architecture and plannin Volume9, 3
Article A CFD Study of the Performance of Single Sided Ventilation for Domestic Building
Author Yin-Hao Chiu, Chen-Ta Huang

 National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in USA, NIOSH, declared that the 53% of indoor air quality problem are resulted from the unsatisfactory of ventilation strategy and 24~36% of the problems are caused by air pollution. The problems of indoor air quality can divided into several aspects and there are also various solutions for each problem. For existing buildings, the most useful method for the improvement of indoor air quality is to determine a proper ventilation strategy. Therefore, the current research aims at studying the performances of single sided ventilation for domestic building, which is a common type of living space in Taiwan.

Keywords Single-sided ventilation, natural ventilation, computational fluid dynamics
Pages pp.169 - 192

Construction and Planning Agency, 2006, Wind Resistance Design Specifications and Commentary, Taipei: Construction Magazine.

CHIANG,CHE-MING, 1997(a), Indoor environmental health control synthesis Index, Institute of Architecture, Interior Architecture eighty-eight year joint research project workshop.

CHIANG,CHE-MING, 1997(b), Building Code as amended by the relevant provisions of the ventilation, Building Research Institute Ministry of the Interior.

HSU,WEI-SEN, 1997, A Study on Natural Ventilation in a Dwelling Bedroom, Tainan:Master Thesis,Architecture,National Cheng Kung University.

CHOU,PO-CHENG, 1999, A Study on the Naturally Ventilated Performances of the Envelop Openings, Tainan:PhD thesis,Building Research Institute,National Cheng Kung University.

CHOU,PO-CHENG, 1994, A study on the indoor air quality in dwellings by the variable behavior pattern for living, Tainan:PhD thesis,Building Research Institute,National Cheng Kung University.

CHEN,CHI-CHUNG, 2007, Building Environmental Control Series, Taipei:CHANS ARCH-PUBLISHING CO., LTD.

CHEN,CHING-CHIEN, 1999, The influence of high vent porosity on CO2 concentration and Air Exchange Rate in kitchenstudy on buoyancy effects, Tainan:PhD thesis,Building Research Institute,National Cheng Kung University.

YANG,LI-TUNG, 2005, A study on the influence of Box-Windows on Natural Ventilation--CFD Simulation of the Elementary school classroom building, Taipei:Master Thesis,Building Research Institute,National Taiwan University of Technology.

WENG,LI-MIN, 2001, A Study on Influence Estimate of Stair Layout to Opening Pattern and Ventilatory Route. Case Study of To-Tein House, Taipei:Master Thesis,Building Research Institute,Tamkang University.

CHIEN,YU-JUNGHSUEH,NING-HSIN, 2004, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, Taipei:liuho press.

SU,YU-MIN, 2006, A Study on Stack Ventilation in Atrium at Low-Rise Buildings, Taipei:Master Thesis,Building Research Institute,National Taiwan University of Technology.

BS 5925, 1991, Code of practice for ventilation principles and design for natural ventilation, London:British Standards Institution.

Allard F., Santamouris M, 1998, Natural Ventilation in Buildings, Earthscan Publications Ltd.

Cole R. J., Larrson N., 2000, GBC2000 Assessment Manual, Green Building Challenge.


Journal of architecture and plannin Volume9, 3
Article Comparison of Southeast Asian Migrant Workers' Consumption Patterns in Commercial Areas of Tainan Co
Author Kung-Hung Chen

This paper is to explore Southern Asian migrant workers' (Philippine, Thai, Indonesia, Vietnamese) consumption patterns in commercial areas of Tainan County/City and Kaohsiung County/City. The paper adopts the "consumption patterns" viewpoint intended to analyse consumption expenditure per month, purchasing commodity price, the meaning of commodity, product image between Taiwan and home, specific goode to consume, consumptive spaces and specific store to consume. Major research methods are applied, including related theories and literatures review, questionnaire survey and participatory observation. Questionnaire has been sent out to 392 valid samples of migrant workers' consumers. The main outcomes of this paper are as follows: (1) The Philippine labors are the most generous in consumption expenditure level, followed by Thai labors, the Indonesian labors and the Vietnamese labors, this outcome is correlated with their marriage status, supporting family and salary level. (2) The Philippine and Thai labors are higher than the Indonrsian and Vietnamese labors in purchasing commodity price level. (3) In the dimension of commodity's meaning, the Philippine labors have significant expression on "identity", "representation" and "power", and the population of other three nations are only on "identity". (4) In the dimension of consuming in specific store, the Philippine labors favor shopping mall (e.g., Carrefour), Watson, leisure and sport garnments stores (including NIKE, NET, GIORDANO) and department stores. The Thai labors are focused on Thai stores, supermarkets, communication stores. On the contrary with the two labors, the Indonesian and Vietnamese labors have no such diverse types of tastes.

Keywords South-eastern Asian migrant workers ; consumption patterns ; urban commercial area ; Tainan Count
Pages pp.211 - 233

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JUAN,CHUN-CHIA, 1997, Foreign workers, motivation, attitude, behavior and activities to promote conditions of the study - in Tainan Area.

WU,TING-FENG, 1997, On the Process of Cultural Struggle of Unfree Migrant Labours'' Sunday Lives, Master thesis, Institute of Sociology,Private Tunghai University.

LI,SHIH-TSUNG, 2002, Leisure consumption behavior of foreign workers, Marketing Master thesis, Institute of liquidity,National Kaohsiung First University of Science.

Asia-Pacific moved to the mission workers, 2002, Filipino Migrant Workers in Taiwan situation, Taiwan: A Radical Quarterly in Social Studies, 48: 219 ~ 234.

CHEN,YU-CHANG, 2004, The effects of culture on migration labors choices to work abroad : The thai case study, Master thesis, Institute of Southeast Asian,Chi Nan University.

CHEN,YUNG-LUNG, 2002, Taipei foreign labor leisure and consumption patterns research, Taipei City Government Bureau of Labor research report commissioned.

CHEN,KUN-HUNG, 1995, Consumer Culture and the spatial structure- Theory and Applications, Consumer Culture and spatial structure - Theory and Applications.

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CHEN,KUN-HUNG, 2005b, Community space in the shopping street of today's consumer culture and the Space Relationship between, "In 2005 the Republic of China Urban Planning, Regional Science and Regional Development Institute Joint Annual Conference and Workshop Proceedings paper",Taichung: private Feng Chia University.

CHEN,KUN-HUNG, 2006a, Commercial area in southern Taiwan city and its foreign workers and community consumption patterns related to the investigation of space- Tainan County, Tainan City, Kaohsiung County, Kaohsiung City, Executive Yuan National Science Council Report.

CHEN,KUN-HUNGHOU,HSIAO-CHEN, 2006b, Urban commercial area in southern Taiwan, the Philippines and Thailand, consumption patterns of workers in the manufacturing Comparative Study- Tainan County, Tainan City, "Republic of China 2006, urban planning, regional science and Residential AssociationAnnual Conference and Joint Conference paper Proceedings", Taipei: Private Culture University.

CHEN,KUN-HUNG, 2007, Commercial area in southern Taiwan city and its foreign workers and community consumption patterns related to the investigation of space- Tainan County, Tainan City, Kaohsiung County, Kaohsiung City, "Republic of China 2007 urban planning, regional science, regional development JointAnnual Conference and Academic Papers Symposium Proceedings", Tainan: National Cheng Kung University International Conference Hall.

HSU,WEI-CHIN, 2004, One Mobile Phone, Two Fixed Classes: Evidence from the Practices of Mobile Phones use by Vietnamese workers in Taiwan, Master thesis,Graduate Institute of Marketing,National Chung Hsing University.

FU,HSIANG-CHENG, 2003, Consuming Behaviors and Spatial Patterns of Foreign Labors---An example in Taoyuan Industrial District, Master thesis, Institute of Geography,National Taiwan Normal University.

LAN,PEI-CHIA, 2002, Map of cross-border life- The flow of Filipina Migrant Domestic Workers and Identity, Taiwan: A Radical Quarterly in Social Studies, 48:169 ~ 218.

LAN,PEI-CHIA, 2005, Stratification of the Other: the recruitment of migrant domestic workers, Training and race-based, Taiwanese Journal of Sociology, 34: 1 ~ 57.

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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume9, 3
Article Study of Renewal Policy Orientation for Vulnerable Community: The Case Study of Taipei Resettled Hou
Author Ting-An Fang

It is a sustainable development action plan to care for the issues of urban renewal in vulnerable community, which is conformed to Habitat Agenda. Because of the characteristic and background of Taipei Resettled Housing is alike with vulnerable community's, this article attempts to take Taipei Resettled Housing as an example to clarify policy goal of vulnerable community. "Taipei Resettled Housing" is the housing constructed for low-income citizens, built by Taipei city government from 1963 to 1973. At that time many slums were eliminated in downtown area, and the city's landscape were improved, therefore, to build Resettled Housing is regarded as the important housing policy by the government. Along with the metropolis, social and environmental vicissitude, the characteristic (the high density, the environment old dirty chaotic, the land property right is complex, low classes) causes into Taipei "the new slum". This article tries to analyze its differences between the backgrounds of Taipei Resettled Housing renewal from the time it was built to the time it will be rebuilt. Furthermore, after establishing Taipei Resettled Housing policy goal, we can take it for the reference in the following impetus. Regarding Vulnerable Community, the cores of renewal questions lie in the property rights, the property value and the physical attribute. The goals of Vulnerable Community renewal policy include: 1) Preventing the segregation of the lower classes, 2) Working simultaneously for economic development and social equity, 3) Regeneration through partnerships, 4) A gradual, soft approach, 5) Differential treatment of different deteriorated residential areas. After further inspect, these policy goals mainly focus on public interest aspect. The reward of floor area ratio (FAR) is one of operational tools which the present metropolis renews. The case analysis tries to use "income level" to simulate the most suitable volume of Taipei Resettled Housing. Differentiates 5 ranks of floor space standard in the inhabitants, inhabitant area of Taipei Resettled Housing belongs to the first level. Taking the strategy of upgrading a rank of floor space standard, Taipei Resettled Housing will arrive at upper limit of the 2nd level and its environment quality will be improved.

Keywords Taipei Resettled Housing, slum, urban renewal, renewal policy, floor area ratio FAR
Pages pp.235 - 252

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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume9, 3
Article Social Benefit-Cost Analysis on the Environmental Redevelopment of Military Dependents' Villages
Author Chich-Ping Hu

 The purpose of this paper is to estimate the economic benefit of blight housing-area from the redevelopment of public military dependents' villages systematically and objectively by applying the methods of benefit and cost analysis and shadow price. With the notion of shadow price under the consideration of total society, in this paper, the required social cost and the incurred social benefit will be derived by quantitative and monetary transformation of criterions as well as summing up the net benefit with weights added. The qualitative criterions of time value and beneficial groups will be applied by social benefit and cost analysis to evaluate whether the alternative can reach the effect of social welfare improvement. The experiences from this study will be applied to distinguish the influential factors from the criterions and to make a strategic decision on the improvement of housing quality. The empirical study, redevelopment of military dependents' villages into public housing, shows that the benefit to cost ratio (B/C) of 0.7907 is found by simple benefit and cost analysis. The B/C ratio of 0.6805 is then found to be decreased under the condition of time cost added, as well as the B/C ratio of 0.8867 is recalculated by considering the social income weights. The results of this study shows that, no matter what the notion and computation pattern about B/C ratio can be, the alternative of redevelopment of military dependents' villages into public housing is not to fit in with the principle of social benefit and cost analysis. Finally, the results of sensitive analysis by adjusting the social discount rate, income weights, and rate of return for firms in this study show that higher discount rates, lower rate of return, and higher income weights will contribute the net benefit of the alternative to be positive.

Keywords Military Dependents' Villages, Benefit and Cost Analysis, Shadow Price, Housing Quality, Social Disc
Pages pp.193 - 210

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