Volume / Issue
Journal of architecture and plannin Volume10, 3
Article Constructing Social Vulnerability Index of Flood Disaster
Author Hsin-Chi Li, Hui-Hsuan Yang, Kai-Min Liao, Dai-Gee Shaw

This study presents a process of constructing Social Vulnerability Index of flood (SVIoF) in Taiwan districts. The purpose of this study is to enrich the information for disaster mitigation or reduction in decision making process of official disaster manager or commander. The study includes several steps: (1)Identifying important social dimensions for calculation of SVIoF, such as a) maximum loss of households property; b) household resistance to flood disaster (self-protection of individual); c) households self-recovery ability (resilience and adjustment). (2) Collecting important variables to represent each dimension. (3)Standardizing those collected variables; (4)composite variables of each area into a SVIoF score, the result shows that the most vulnerable areas in Taiwan are east counties includes Taitung (台東縣) and Hualien (花蓮縣). the least vulnerable county is middle west county-Chiayi (嘉義縣). (5) application of SVIoF in Chiayi county. Using GIS to map the SVIoF score geographically and overlaying SVIoF layer and the inundation potential layer to produce the flood risk map. In the conclusion, this research constructs an index to estimate social vulnerability and provides social information to complete the whole idea of risk management. The commander has no longer made decisions only by physical situations (meteorology and rainfall) but also considers the social circumstances to modify his decisions or policies.

Keywords Social vulnerability, Flood disaster, GIS, Risk map
Pages pp.163 - 182


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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume10, 3
Article The Policy Changes of Recovering Central Cross-Island Highway: The Perspective of Public Choice
Author Chien-Yuan Simon Chen, Jhih-Chang Shih

The 921 earthquake had been through 10 years already. Now, it is a good chance to review these post-921 recovery policies whether they did achieve the goals that these policies were designed. The analysis from reviewing these policies would be very valuable for avoiding mistakes once similar disaster happens again. This paper applies public choice theory as the theoretical basis to conduct analyses how government were produced these post-disaster recovery policies by using the case of the Central Cross-Island Highway to observe the real policy-making processes after 921 Earthquake and 72 Flood in Taiwan. Findings shows that in the era of democratization, Taiwan's post-disaster recovery policy as like other public policies, cannot avoid from the influence from interest groups' lobbying, politicians and bureaucrats' preferences, which weighted their interests more than general public. Therefore, the government failure is very likely to happen in post-disaster recovery police. Government should focus on designing the policy-making process, which can be more comprehensively, considers the environment and the majority's interest and therefore reduce the environment risk.

Keywords Disaster, Post-disaster recovery, Central Cross-Island Highway, Public choice theory, Government fai
Pages pp.221 - 239


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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume10, 3
Article On the Adjustment of Spatial Planning Procedure of Urban Disaster Prevention under Climate Change
Author Shih-Liang Chan, Shu-Li Huang, Ting-Yun Hsiao

  IPCC AR4 indicates that the trend of climate change will be more likely and significant. The phenomenon and direction of trend include heavy precipitation events, intensive tropical cyclones, extreme incidences, etc. which could increase the risk and damage. The urban areas are more sensitive to these impacts because of the dense of population and activities. Therefore, the issue of disaster planning of urban area is becoming more important. According to the process proposed by ABRI, the factor of climate change has not integrated. The paper applies conjoint analysis to evaluate the effective adjustment for the urban disaster planning process. With the suggestion of process adjustment, a case plan of Ku-Shan is applied to illustrate the details of practical work.

Keywords Urban disaster prevention plan, Climate change, Conjoint analysis
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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume10, 3
Article Planning and Establishing Urban Disaster Prevention Spatial System in Jhubei City, Hsinchu County
Author Yu-Sheng Li, Hung-Nien Hsieh, Ke-Chin Yen, Yi-Shian Li

 Laws and acts related to disaster prevention urban planning in Taiwan focus on "egulations to Implement Comprehensive Review of Urban Planning" nd "isaster Prevention Regulations" promulgated in 2000. Although the contents show the local government should set about planning for urban disasters prevention and establish regional disaster prevention program. However, these laws and acts always lack specific regulations on how to fulfill spatial planning for township disasters prevention. When comprehensively reviewing urban planning, integrated strategies of land utilization and spatial development can't be concretely proposed for the regional development, land utilization and promotion of disaster prevention. In this paper, we selected Jhubei, Hsinchu County as demonstration region of spatial system planning for urban disasters prevention to collect related data of disaster prevention urban at Jhubei, establish database, land utilization and facility investigation, including related land investigation, collection of statistic data from government, investigation and simple evaluation of disaster prevention facilities as well as related questionnaire and interview. Meanwhile, we planned spatial system planning for urban disasters prevention and draw related planning diagrams at Jhubei; according to the estimation of disaster prevention facilities and current situation of resources supply, spatial system planning for urban disasters prevention is planned to include: disaster prevention route, evacuation, fire control, police, medical treatment and collection and distribution of commodities, describing the planning contents in preparation of disaster prevention urban and land utilization or urban planning strategies.

Keywords Urban disasters prevention, Handbook of spatial system planning for urban disasters prevention, Shel
Pages pp.201 - 219


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