Volume / Issue
Journal of architecture and plannin Volume14, 2/3
Article Comparison of Elderly Living Arrangement and Residential Environment across Districts: With Referenc
Author Kan-Chung Huang, Hao-Ching Hsia

Residential environment is critical to elderly social network, active aging, and aging in place. Therefore, it is necessary to compare elderly residential environment across districts. However, it seems that few efforts are made in this area. This study took West Central District, Yong Kang District, and Sin Hua District as cases, and 150 questionnaires were completed by using Systematic Sampling Method and household investigation. Comparison of elderly living arrangement and residential environment across districts were implemented by Cross Analysis and One-Way ANOVA. Community Senior Housing was also set as an option of living arrangement, and elderly were asked to reply their viewpoints. The empirical results show that (1) 80% elderly prefer aging in place and live with adult children and 15.3% elderly response that not live with adult children but live in the same community. It indicates the importance of tight connection between elderly and their original family and there is no difference across districts. (2) Residential environment to most elderly are not pedestrian friendly, and items related to mobility are valued with low scores especially in Yong Kang District which is refer to a crowed and unplanned district. (3) 72% elderly are not interested in Community Senior Housing, however, 28% of all are still willing to live in Community Senior Housing while connecting with supportive measures and original social network.

Keywords Social network, Aging in place, pedestrian friendly
Pages pp.67 - 82

Billig, M., 2004, “Supportive communities, an optimum arrangement for the older population?”, Journal of Social Welfare,31(3): 131-151.

Burton, E.J., Mitchell, L., and Stride, C.B., 2011, “Good places for ageing in place: development of objective build environment measures for investigating links with older people’s wellbeing”, BMC Public Health, 11: 1-13.

Caspi, A., Bolger, N., and Eckenrode, J., 1987, “Linking person and context in the daily stress process”, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(1): 184-195.

Carp, F.M., 1994, “Assessing the environment”, Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 14: 302-323.

Clarke,P., Nieuwenhuijsen, E.R., 2009, “Environments for healthy ageing: a critical review”, Maturitas, 64(1): 14-19.

Cutchin, M.P., 2003, “The process of mediated aging-in-place: a theoretically and empirically based model”, Social Science & Medicine, 57(6): 1077-1090.

Herlitz, C., 1997, “Distribution of informal and formal home help for elderly people in Sweden”, The Gerontologist, 37(1): 117-124.

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Huang, C.H., 2008, A research of a life time home for the aging and fewer offspring society-taking the new Toe-tain-cuo in Hsinchu Station district of High Speed Railway as an example, Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Huang, C.Y., 2005, The neighborhood environment for the elderly: A study of Nan-Ji-Chang apartment area, Taipei, Unpublished Master’s Thesis, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Hwang, Y.R., 2006, “Feasibility of aging in place and foundation of life-time housing development”, Taiwan Geriatrics & Gerontology, 1(3): 138-150.

Inoue, S., Murase, N., Shimomitsu, T., Ohya, Y., Odagiri, Y., Takamiya, T., Ishii, K., Katsumura, T., and Sallis, J.F., 2009, “Association of physical activity and neighborhood environment among Japanese adults”, Preventive Medicine, 48(4):321-325.

Inoue, S., Ohya, Y., Odagiri, Y., Takamoya, T., Kamada, M., Okada, S., Oka, K., Kitabatake, Y., Nakaya, T., Sallis, J.F., and Shimomitsu, T., 2011, “Perceived neighborhood environment and walking for specific purposes among elderly Japanese”, Journal of Epidemiology, 21(6): 481-490.

Jen, S.H., 2012, Relationship between neighborhood environment walkability and active ageing of the elderly, Unpublished Master’s Thesis, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Kasl, S.V., and Rosenfield, S., 1980, “The residential environment and its impact on the mental health of the aged”, in J.E. Birren and R.B. Sloane (eds.), Handbook of Mental Health and Dying, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 468-498.

Krause, N., 1997, “Received support, anticipated support, social class, and mortality”, Research on Aging, 4(19):387-422.

Kunkel, S., and Applebaum, R., 1992, “Estimating the prevalence of long-term disability for an aging society”, Journal of Gerontology, 47(5):253-260.

Lawton, M.P., Nahemow, L., and Yeh, T. M., 1980, “Neighborhood environments and well-being of older tenants in planned housing”, International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 11(3): 211-227.

Liu, C.W., Everingham, J.., Warburton, J., Cutholl, M., and Bartlett, H., 2009, “What makes a community age-friendly: a review of international literature”, Australasian Journal on Ageing, 28(3): 166-121.

Masotti, P.J., Flick, R., Johnson-Masotti, A., and MacLeod, S., 2006, “Healthy naturally occurring retirement communities: a low-cost approach to facilitating healthy aging”, American Journal of Public Health, 96(7): 1164-1170.

Pastalan, L.A., 1990, Aging in PlaceThe Role of Housing and Social Support, New York: Haworth Press.

Shank, K.H., and Cutchin, M.P., 2010, “Transaction occupations of older women aging-in-place: negotiation change and meaning”, Journal of Occupational Science, 17(1):4-13.

Sallis, J.F., Bowles, H.R., Bauman, A., Ainsworth, B.E., Bull, F.C., and Craig, C.L., 2009, “Neighborhood environments and physical activity among adults in ll countries”, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36(6): 484-490.

Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Carlson, J.A., Norman, G.J., Soelens, B.E., and Durant, N., 2010, “Evaluating a brief self-report measure of neighborhood environments for physical activity research and surveillancephysical activity neighborhood environments scale (PANES)”, Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7(4): 533-540.

Tang, F., and Lee, Y., 2011, “Social support networks and expectations for aging in place and move”, Research on Aging, 33(4): 444-464.

Wagnild, G., 2001, “Growing old at home”, Journal of Housing for the Elderly, 14: 71-84.

Ward, A.R., Gory, L.M., and Sherman, S.M., 1988, The Environment for Aging Interpersonal, Social and Spatial Contexts, Tuscaloosa and London: The University of Alabama Press.

Wu, Z., and Hart, R., 2002, “Social and health factors associated with support among elderly immigrants in Canada”, Research on Aging, 24: 91-412.

Woodruff, L., and Applebaum, R., 1996, “Assuring the quality of in-home supportive services: a consumer perspective”, Journal of Aging Studies, 10(2): 157-169.

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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume14, 2/3
Article The Impact of Compositional Elements and Visitors’ Value on Loyalty and City Image in Taiwan Lanter
Author Chun-Ju Li

Taiwan lantern festival represents one of main Taiwanese activities, and because it attracts thousands upon thousands people to visit every year, many counties strive for holding it in order to promote regional scenery and characteristics of the city. 2013 Taiwan lantern festival in HsinChu was taken as the subject of this research, and how compositional elements impact on visitors’ value, loyalty and city image would be discussed by tourists’ view and the consumption value theory. The lantern exhibition was distinguished into four aspects by EFA, which includes exhibiting place, information and transportation, performing and food, and other services. Visitors’ value scale was confirmed by CFA, and base on the scale to construct the structural equation modeling which passed the reliability and validity analysis and the test of goodness of fit. The result showed that behavioral intentions and city image could be affected by both compositional elements and visitors’ value, and the value possesses mediate-effect. So as to interpret the local citizens’ and nonlocal tourists’ feeling are different or not, the result of t- test showed citizen’s emotional, epistemic, and conditional value are higher than nonlocal tourists. The result of correlation analysis revealed that the epistemic value correlated with the loyalty the most, emotional value correlated with city image the most to citizens, and functional value correlated with city image the most to nonlocals. Strengthening to provide digital information and service persons’ figure and attitude could increase the functional value; main lantern display and parade could increase the emotional value, and main lantern show correlated with the epistemic value the most.

Keywords festival, value, structural equation modeling(SEM)
Pages pp.83 - 106

Allen, J., Harris, R., McDonnell, I., and O’Toole, W., 2008, Festival and Special Event Management(4th Edition), NY: John Wiley & Son.

Allen, J., O’Toole, W., McDonnell, I., and Harris, R., 2002, Festival and Special Event Management(2th Edition), NY: John Wiley & Son.

Baker, D. A., and Crompton, J. L., 2000, “Quality, satisfaction and behavioral intentions”, Annals of Tourism Research, 27(3): 785-804.

Bian, X. H., and Zhang, S. F., 2005, “Research on the measurement of tourist destination image by applying the model of beneficial image-A case study of Xian & Shanghai”, Human Geography, 20(1): 62-67.

Bollen, K. A., 1989, Structural equations with latent variables, NY: Wiley.

Boo, S., and Busser, J. A., 2006, “Impact analysis a tourism festival on tourists destination images”, Event Management, 9(4): 223-237.

Browne, M.W., and Cudeck, R., 1993, “Alternative ways of assessing model fit”, in K. A. Bollen and J. S. Long (eds.), Testing Structural Equation Models, Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 136-162.

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Carlsen, J., Ali-Knight, J., and Robertson, M., 2007, “Access-A research agenda for Edinburgh festival”, Event Management, 11(1-2): 3-11.

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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume14, 2/3
Article A study of farmland villa’s impacts on the Hakka village: resident’s perspectives in Meinong
Author Shu-Jong LIAU

In recent years, it is obvious that the rural redevelopment is driven to strategies of rural tourism, new urban settlers, and fine farming development. Meinong, located in Kaohsiung city, owns Hakka’s cultural resources, beautiful pastoral scenery, and convenient transportation and has become a destination of rural tourism and urban population emigrated in Kaohsiung metropolitan. However, the new immigration is gradually reforming a new landscape constructed by farmland villas and causes a significant social change. This study aims to discuss views of local residents on impacts of farmland villa in Meinong through field interviews and questionnaire survey. The result points out that local resident aware increasing trend of farmland villas and new immigrants, which apparently presented impacts on rural landscape, agricultural economy and social interaction. Although the residents still give a positive and friendly response for such changes, issues of farmland building integrated to the environment and new relationships between old and new residents should be highlighted in Meinong’s new development.

Keywords Meinong, farmland villa, Hakka village
Pages pp.107-128

Bor, W. van den., Bryden, J.M., and Fuller, A.M., 1997, Rethinking Rural Human Resource Management; the Impact of Globalisation and Rural Restructuring on Rural Education and Training in Western Europe, Wageningen: Agricultural University.  

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Hsu, H.S., 2008, “What is the policy of replanting houses on agricultural land?”, Yue Guang Shan Community Newspaper, 27: 2.

Lee, C.J., Dai, C.S., Liao, L.M., Liao, B.C., and Lin, H.Y., 2010, “Rural Gentrification: A Case Study on Three Villages in Sanshing Country, Yilan County, Journal of Taiwan Land Research, 13(2): 101-147

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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume14, 2/3
Article Model for Housing Duality and Household Movement Decision
Author Chich-Ping , Hu

The famous theory of voting by feet in urban economics indicates household would choose the most optimal city to live under the consideration of tax expenditure and service level of this city.  Migration for the reasons of living environmental quality improvements, working trip time decreases, locational accessibility increases, facilities uses satisfaction, family life cycle adjustments, in addition, this research believes that housing duality is another important factor to affect household’s decision to migrate.  For the significance test of household movement from the exogenous variables, this research uses the household movement decision as endogenous variable.  Apartment building is selected to be the population of this research since it shares the large proportion of housing types in Hsin Chu city. A questionnaire survey on households is designedobtain the data used in this research.  Firstly, canonical correlation analysis is applied to define housing duality indicator by the calculation with the absolute value of difference between the first canonical factor standardized score of household attributes and the first canonical factor standardized score of dwelling characteristics and significance test is used to identify the statistical implication.  Secondly, the binary Logit model is applied to construct causal relationship between household movement decision and exogenous variables.  Finally, the result shows the importance of housing duality and the significant influence on household movement decision from factors of living environment, commuting time, transport demand, comfortable life, family life cycle, and housing duality.

Keywords Voting by Feet; Tax Expenditure; Housing Duality; Canonical Correlation Analysis; Logit Model
Pages pp.129-144

Chen, S.M., Chang, C.O., and Chen, C.L., 2004, “The relationship between the household's moving and residential quality changes-evidence from Taipei metropolitan”, Journal of Housing Study, 13(1): 51-74.

Chen, S.M., and Chang, C.O., 2002, “Household mobility decision and moving path choice - an empirical study of Taipei city and Taipei county”, Journal of Housing Study, 11(1): 1-22.

Chen, Y.J., Chen, C.H., and Wu, J.S., 2004, “The empirical comparison on housing choice models and household bid-rent models”, Journal of Housing Study, 13(1): 1-13.

Clark, W.A. V., Deurloo, M. C., and Dieleman F. M., 2006, “Residential Mobility and Neighbourhood”, Housing Studies, 21(3): 323-342.

Hsieh, B.M., 2006, “Income inequality and the distribution of housing consumption in Taiwan: changes between 1980 and 2000”, Journal of Housing Study, 15(1): 59-78.

Hsueh, L.M., and Tseng, H.P., 2000, “The interrelationship between intra-urban mobility rate and local housing market development in Taiwan”, Journal of Housing Study, 9(2): 79-97.

Hsueh, L.M., Tseng, H.P., and Hsieh, Y.W., 2007, “Factors affect relocation behavior in Taiwan in recent years-the model of household joint decision on moving and destination choice”, Journal of Population Studies, 34: 69-107.

Hu, C.P., 1997a, “A model to joint household formation with family formation”, Journal of Housing Study, 6: 49-65.

Hu, C.P., 1997b, “A positive measurement on the duality in housing”, Journal of Planning, 24(2): 21-41.

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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume14, 2/3
Article Spatial Dynamics of Industrial Districts in Knowledge Cities: a Case Study of Hsinchu, Taiwan
Author Tai-Shan Hu, Hung-Nien Hsieh, Ping-Ching Chia, Hsin-Mei Lo

Driven by globalization and international competition, the development of clusters of knowledge-based corporations has become an important factor in increasing the competitiveness of cities. Whereas previous studies have tended to focus on the characteristics of local clusters and the causes of their success, empirical studies of the long-term development of local knowledge-based industries are few. Accordingly, this investigation takes the Hsinchu region as its subject, and quantitatively analyzes the correlation between the spatial dynamics of knowledge in major industries and innovation based on empirical data. First, the annual Taiwan Industry, Commerce and Service Census is utilized to identify major industries in the Hsinchu region.  Significant differences in the major industries in the Hsinchu are identified from variations in their location quotients. Second, the dynamic evolution of major industries in the Hsinchu district is analyzed by curvilinear regression analysis. The results reveal that the clustering of chemical materials and chemical products manufacturing, non-metallic mineral product manufacturing, and support service industries, has been falling over the last 15 years, while industries with close ties to HSIP, including electronic components manufacturing, computer and electronic product manufacturing, and the manufacturing of other optical products, have remained stable. Finally, simple logistic regression is used to elucidate the correlation between the local industries and innovation. Two variables, product innovation and percentage of turnover invested in product innovation, have both increased significantly in electronic component manufacturing, computer and electronic product manufacturing, and optical product manufacturing industries. This finding shows that steadily developing industries in the Hsinchu region have continued to strengthen their new knowledge of product development and innovation. An overview of innovative activities of firms also revealed that their knowledge patterns have been changing from patterns of internal dependency to a locality-based, broader networking and agglomeration pattern.

Keywords Industrial district, spatial dynamics, knowledge pattern
Pages pp.145-164

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Brenner, T., 2004, Local Industrial Clusters: Existence, emergence and evolution, London: Routledge.

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Hu, T.S., 2008, “Interaction among High-Tech Talent and its Impact on Innovation Performance: a Comparison of Taiwanese Science Parks at Different Stages of Development”, European Planning Studies, 16(2): 163-187.

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Hu, T.S., Chang, S.L., Lin, C.Y., and Chien, H.T., 2006, “Evolution of Knowledge Intensive Services in a High-Tech Region – the Case of Hsinchu, Taiwan”, European Planning Studies, 14(10): 1363-1385.

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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume14, 2/3
Article Explore the Spatial Relationship between Farmland Use Changes and Farmland Transactions
Author Hsueh-Sheng Chang, Tzu-Ling Chen, PO-Chun Chen

The conventional land use Policy tends to release farmland to achieve economic development and satisfy land use demand and resulted in the conversion of farmland into nonfarm uses. In 2000, farmland ownership has been greatly released and enterprise capital has been allowed to enter farmland market. Farmland transactions have become leading index of farmland use changes in urban fringe. Developers are often willing to pay a premium and further encourage farmland transactions and the frequent change on farmland ownerships. We subject data from Tainan County (with boundaries as recognized prior to the changes of 2011) for spatial features of farmland transactions and on farmland use changes to certain spatial relationship analyses after the release of farmland ownership. The results show that the conversions of farmland use change have happened in study area,of whichconverted to industrial and residential uses wereresulting in negative impacts on the remaining surrounding farmlands.In addition, transacted farmland changed to transportation, nonfarm structures and public facilitiesappear to cluster together in urban fringe. Moreover, the results of bivariate LISA statisticshow thatthe moderately positive spatial relationship represents similar spatial features for both farmland use changes and farmland transactions in neighborhoods close to each other resulting in clustered patterns, and the clustered patterns decrease with distance which shows that farmland use changes values are associated with farmland transactionsunder certainproximity.

Keywords farmland transaction, farmland use change, bivariate LISA (localized indicator of spatial associatio
Pages pp.165-181

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