Volume / Issue
Journal of architecture and plannin Volume15, 1
Article The Research of Adaptive Reuse of Traditional Houses in Kinmen National Park, Taiwan
Author Ping-Hsiang Hsu

Kinmen National Park is well known by its world's best preserved villages of Southern Fujian architecture andbattlefield heritages. The National Park Servicecommissioned the reused traditional houses for Bed & Breakfast or restaurant and outsourcing to individuals. Therefore, tourists could be experienced traditional village life and cultural norms​​.

The main purpose of this study is to analyze the adaptive reuse of traditional houses by in-depth interviews with B & B operators, National Park Service officials, the Kinmen county government officials, NGO leaders and other policy stakeholders.

Research findings are listed as below: the outsourcing policy enables the conservation of traditional houses and settlement landscape to be more effective; the renovation case which is similar with ROT (Refurnish-Operate-Transfer) reveals the potential of institutional innovation; extended contract period is helpful to reinforce the investment incentives for the private sector; the innovation activity of the private sector is confirmed to be pretty successful by field research. The success of adaptive reuse policy of traditional houses also expands to the feedback and concern of community participation. The outsourcing policy also provides a sound foundation for the conservation of traditional settlement and the ambitious goal of application for the world heritage site.

Keywords Traditional Houses, Adaptive Reuse, Kinmen National Park, Outsourcing, Leisure Real Estate
Pages pp. 1-20

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Chiang, B.W., 2003, “An Overseas Chinese Clan and Their New Settlement in Native Place: A Case Study on Wang’s Shanhou Jungbau, Kinmen (Quemoy), Fuijian”, Journal of Social Science and Philosophy, 15(1): 1-57.

Chiang, B.W., 2006, The Performan ce Evaluation of Outsourcing Traditional Architecture as B&B Policy in Kinmen National Park, Kinmen: Kinmen National Park, Ministry of the Interior..

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Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior, 2003, First Comprehensive Review of Kinmen National Park, Taipei City: Ministry of the Interior.

Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior, 2011, Second Comprehensive Review of Kinmen National Park (draft), Taipei: Ministry of the Interior.

Fu, C.C., translation, 2002, International Charter on Cultural Tourism, in International Historic Conservation and Heritage Maintenance: Charter, Declaration and Recommendation, Tainan: Taiwan Architecture and Cultural Assets Press.

Ho, P., and McKercher, B., 2007, “Managing Heritage Resources as Tourism Products”, in D. Timothy (eds.), Managing Heritage and Cultural Tourism Resources: Critical Essays, Volume One, Surrey, England: Ashgate Publishing Limited.

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Hsi, G.L., 2009, Settlement Conservation and Maontenance: Viewpoints from the World Heritage, Conference Proceeding of Reusing Island Traditional Architecture, Kinmen County: Kinmen National Park, Ministry of the Interior.

Hsu, H.M., and Tang, M.F., 2010, “The Study of Integrated Marketing for the Architecture Cultural Heritage - Taking the Taichung City Shuangshi Cultural Watershed as an Example”, Journal of Design Environment, 11: 17-32.

Hsu, P.H., 2013, “The Exploration on Outsourcing System for Heritages: A Case Study of Tainan City, Taiwan”, Journal of Architecture, 86: 207-229.

Huang, W.C., and Su, W.C., 2007, The Development and Benefits for the Revitalization of Traditional Buildings in Kinmen National Park, Kinmen: Kinmen National Park, Ministry of the Interior.

Jung, F.C., and Fu, C.C., 2008, “The Impact on the Heritage Management Functions from the Assigned Outsourcing Mechanism for Cultural Heritage: With Reference of R.O.T. and O.T. Cases”, Journal of Architecture, 66: 157-188.

Kuo, H.P., and Wu, K.L., 2013, “Key Factors Influencing the Decision-Making of Contracting Out of Heritage Reuse from the Viewpoint of Public-Private Partnership: Multiple Group Analysis”, Journal of Architecture, 84: 141-161.

Lin, Y.C., 2009, Evaluation the Effects of Activation and Multi-Usage of Traditional Houses and its Economic Benefits in Kinmen National Pan, Kinmen: Kinmen National Park, Ministry of the Interior.

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Tsai, T.G., 2006, A Study on Adaptive Reuse of Kinmen Traditional Houses – in case of Chyonglin Cluster, Unpublished Master Dissertation, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Tseng, W.H., 2009, Management Strategy of Kinmen National Park, Conference Proceeding of Reusing Island Traditional Architecture, Kinmen County: Kinmen National Park, Ministry of the Interior.

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Wu, K.L., 2010, Key Factor Influencing the Reusing of Historical Buildings in Taiwan from the Viewpoint of Public Private Partnership, The Business Review, 16(2): 304-312. 

Wu, W.C., Wang, L.H., and Yen, H.F., 2010, “A Comparative Study of the Kinmen Outsourcing and Self-Employed Homestay Operating Model Evaluation”, Journal of Management Practices and Principles, 4(3): 76-97.

Yang, J.W., 2011, “ B&B in Kinmen: Now and Prospects”, in Proceeding of 2011 Asia-Pacific Symposium on Guest House Tourism, Kinmen: Kinmen County Guest House Association.  

Yang, W.L., 2009, Listen to the song of wind, and slow down to meet yourself, Conference Proceeding of Reusing Island Traditional Architecture, Kinmen: Kinmen National Park, Ministry of the Interior.

Yen, H.F., 2008, A Comparative Study of the Kinmen Outsourcing and Self-Employed Homestay Operating Model Evaluation, Unpublished Master Dissertation, Ming Chuan University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Yen, H.F., 2009, Settlement Conservation and Vitalized Mechanism-The Conservation and Management of Southern Fuijian Traditional Architecture in Kinmen, Conference Proceeding of Reusing Island Traditional Architecture, Kinmen County: Kinmen National Park, Ministry of the Interior.

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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume15, 1
Article Evaluating the Development of Cultural and Creative Industries of Taiwan’s Cities and Counties Usin
Author Chin-Chia Yeh, Po-Cheng Ho

The concept of creative city combining urban economic development and the cultural and creative industries. In order to understand the creative urban governance performance of Taiwan’s cities and counties, this study evaluated the development of cultural and creative industries of 19 cities and counties in 2010 using Context-dependent DEA. The research objectives are as following. (1)To get the relative efficiency of the cultural and creative industries of Taiwan’s cities and counties. (2)To explore the competitive strength and weakness of each city by relative attractiveness and progress, and develop the governance tactics. In this paper, theinput variables are government spending of every 10,000 people, number of employments of every 10,000 people, artistic and cultural activities of every 10,000 people and manufacturers of every 10,000 people, the output variables are cultural and creative industry efficiency creative output value, number of participants.

The conclusions of this paper are as following: (1)The large scale of the cities have better efficiency, and smaller cities have difficulties in attracting excellent human resources and cultural and creative industries.(2)Taoyuan County, Tainan , Hsinchu and Miaoli counties are the most attractive stratification counties , cities and counties on behalf of those in the efficiency of the best performing hierarchical.(3)Kaohsiung, Tainan, Hsinchu, Miaoli County, Hualien County progressive force for all stratification minimum value of counties, cities and counties with the leading layer on behalf of these counties efficiency gap is small.(4)In the allocation of resources, the gap between the layers of Level4 and Level2 are small, the development of cultural and creative industries presents polarization .

Keywords creative city, urban governance, cultural and creative industries, Context-dependent DEA
Pages pp. 21-42

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Chia P.T., 2005, Analytical Research on the Relative Competitiveness in Creativity of Major Taiwanese Cities as Compared to Foreign Studies, Unpublished Master Thesis, National Cheng-Chi University, Tainan,Taiwan.

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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume15, 1
Article A Study on the Evaluation of the Most Adaptable Schooling Pedestrian for Shang-Shih Elementary Schoo
Author Jeng-Ying Shieh, Chu-Chun Shieh

In recent years, many research emphasized on pupils go to school. Children characteristics, road environment and private occupancy have caused many traffic accidents. So that the proportion of parents transport them to school has increased, but it will affect children behavior. The Multi-Criteria Decision Making model (MCDM) was used as the main method for this study. The empirical study selected three routes, three dimensions and thirteen evaluation factors and used Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) to obtain the relative weight of evaluation indicators and the adaptable or suitable route. The results showed that the highest weight is the space of pedestrians (sidewalk and arcades) (0.537), continuity of pedestrian space systems (0.250) and alternative ONE (0.414). Thus, planners should consider the characteristics of the children and the surrounding pedestrian space and environment.

Keywords Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM), Pedestrian Planning, Analytical Hierarchy Process(AHP), The A
Pages pp. 43-60

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Chang, L.Y., and Kao, C.L., 2006,Assessment of the Performance of Traffic Safety Education for Elementary School Students- A Case Study for the Students at Chia-Yi Experimental Elementary School, Journal of Transportation Planning, 35(2): 261-280.

Chen, W.H., 2002, The Road Environment for the Pedestrians in Elementary School- A Case Study of Taipei City, Unpublished Master Dissertation, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan.

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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume15, 1
Article The Relationship between the Living Arrangement and Life Satisfaction of the Elderly – a Discussion
Author Shu-Mei Chen, Pei-Syuan Lin

Life satisfaction of the elderly is an important factor of aging successfully in an aging society. Given that the elderly depend on family more than the young people do, they receive support from children and spouse through living arrangement.Based on the unbalanced development of the four regions in Taiwan, this study argues the gaps in social resources and local economy performance between the regions will have different effects on the living arrangements and life satisfaction of the elderly in those areas. The study uses the data from the Elderly Situation Survey in 2005and hierarchical regression model to explore the elderly’s living arrangements, financial status, health condition, and social support on their life satisfaction. The important finding of the study is that the elderly living in ideal living arrangement and with their children tend to have a greater impact on their life satisfaction than that the elderly living alone. There are differences in the four regions because the outward migration for employment and the high-priced real estate have significantly affected the elderly’s life satisfaction. The results imply that children should respect the living arrangement chosen by the elderly and government may consider to subsidy the elderly with weak economic status for raising their life satisfaction. 

Keywords the elderly, living arrangement, life satisfaction
Pages pp. 61-82

Brown, J. W., Liang, J., Krause, N., Akiyama, H., Sugisawa, H., and Fukaya, T., 2002, “Transition in Living Arrangement among Elders in JapanDoes Health Make a Difference”, The Journal of Gerontology, 57B(4): 209-219.

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