Volume / Issue
Journal of architecture and plannin Volume15, 2/3
Article Location Problem in Regard to the Service Potential of Urban Disaster Prevention Living District
Author Cheng-An Tai、Yung-Lung Lee、Jyh-Tyng Yau

The earthquake evacuation behavior of residents relates to geographical characteristics. The contingent plan considers proper disaster prevention living area for prompt reaction assumed the least nearest distances to safety shelter. This study considered the willingness of residents' evacuation and selected the reconstruction area after the 921 earthquake in Nan-tou urban planning district as a survey area. A questionnaire survey and Multinomial Logit Model, the facility type shelters were selected as a comparative variable. The results explained the school shelter choice significantly affected variables were routes choice, planning and design of school, hardware. However the square type shelter hardware availability was significant in evacuation choice. Weighted Voronoi diagram was further used to adjust the edge of the dominant area of each service shelter according to the location allocation criteria (public service accessibility, transportation, accommodation of shelter, open space ratio, service range population, fault line impact range). Then spatial econometrics was applied to reflect the spatial correlation of evacuation behavior.

Keywords Residents’ Evacuation Behaviors, Disaster Prevention Living District, Weighted Voronoi Diagram
Pages pp.83-110

Ayis, S., Gooberman, R., Bowling, A., and Ebrahim, S., 2006, “Predicting catastrophic decline in mobility among older People”, Age and Ageing, 35(4): 382-387.

Burby, R. J., Nelson, A. C., Parker, D., and Handmer, J., 2001, “Urban containment policy and exposure to natural hazards: Is there a connection?”, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 44(4): 475-490.

Chiou, H. J., 2009, Quantitative Research and Statistical Analysis in Social and Behavioral Sciences, Taipei: Wu-nan Bookstore.

 City Planning Institute of Japan, 1999, Urban development, safety and revival of 1999, Kyoto: Art and science publishing company.

 Dash, N., and Gladwin, H., 2007, “Evacuation decision making and behavioral responses: individual and household”, Natural Hazards Review, 8(3) : 69-77.

Ho, M. C., Lee, Y. L., and Tai, C. A., 2009, “Public participation in urban disaster prevention spatial system planning- Application of Google Earth”, Journal of Architecture, 68(S): 89-102.

 Ho, M. C., Shaw, D., Lin, S. Y., and Chiu, Y. C., 2008, “How do disaster characteristics influence risk perception?”, Risk Analysis, 28(3) : 635-643.

 Huang, J. Y., 2009, Essentials of Marketing Research, Taipei: Hwatai Bookstore.

 Ichiro, I., Maruyama, k., Yoshitaka, M., Field, K., and Field, T., 1996, Disaster prevention kougaku, Tokyo: Morikita publication stock kaisha.

 Isami, K., Osamu, N., and Miho, F., 1996, “A Case study on the model project of setting range for prevention of disasters- From the relation of the regional living range and participatory activities”, Tech. Bull. Fac. Hort. Chiba Univ, 50: 117-126.

 Isao, T., and Hideki, K., 2007, City disaster prevention gaku - theory of antiearthquake measures practice, Kyoto: Art and science publishing company.

 Kates, R., 1971, “Natural hazard in human ecological perspective: Hypotheses and models”, Economic Geography, 47(3): 438-451.

 Lee, Y. J., and Lin, C. H., 1998, “Environmental attitudes toward nimby facility renewal- A Taipei case study”, City and Planning, 25(2): 134-153.

 Lee, Y. L., Chou, S. H., and Tai, C. A., 2009, “A study of relationship analysis between urban earthquake's temporary shelter location and its service range- Yung-kang city”, Journal of Architecture, 67: 149-168.

 Lee, Y. L., Ho, M. C., and Tai, C. A., 2008, “Factors influencing residents’ evacuation behaviors with earthquake disaster scenario: Yung-Kang City case study”, Journal of Architecture, 65: 27-44.

 Lin, J. J., and Hsieh, G. H., 2003, “Study of the covering model for the effective location planning of temporary refuges in earthquake disaster”, City and Planning, 30(4): 325-345.

 Lindell, M. K., and Whitney, D. J., 2000, “Correlates of household seismic hazard adjustment adoption”, Risk Analysis, 20(1): 13-25.

 Løvås, G. G., 1998, “Models of wayfinding in emergency evacuations”, European Journal of Operational Research, 105(3): 371-389.

 Murozaki, M., 1993, Construction protection against disasters and safety, Tokyo: Kajima publication.

 Odani, M., and Uranaka, K., 1999, “Road block in area affected by the great Hanshin- Awaji earthquake and influence of blockage on traffic flow”, Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 3(6): 151-164.

 Okabe, A., Boots, B., and Sugihara, K., 1992, Spatial tessellations concepts and application of Voronoi Diagrams, England John Wiley and Sons Ltd.

 Pennings, J. M. E., and Grossman, D. B., 2008, “Responding to crises and disasters: he role of risk attitudes and risk perceptions”, Disasters, 32(3): 434-448.

 Renn, O., Burns, W. J., Kasperson, J. X., Kasperson, R. E., and Slovic, P., 1992, “The social amplification of risk: theoretical foundations and empirical applications”, Journal of Social Issues, 48(4):137-160.

 Tai, C. A., Lee, Y. L., and Lin, C. Y., 2010, “Earthquake disaster prevention area planning considering residents’ demand”, IEEE 2th International Conference on Advanced Computer Control, Shenyang: Northeastern University, l: 381-385.

 Tai, C. A., Lee, Y. L., and Lin, C. Y., 2012, “Disaster cognition and evacuation qillingness of residents- Case study of Gushan district in Kaohsiung city”, Journal of Architecture, 81: 107-124.

 Tai, C. A., Lee, Y. L., Ho, M. C., and Lin, C. Y., 2011, “Location evaluation of of shelters in urban disaster prevention system- Integration of SITATION, TELES and Google Earth”, Journal of Architecture and Planning, 12(1): 23-46.

 Tsao, C. Y., and Chang, C. Y., 2008, “The residents’ experience and behavior of the earthquake hazard: a comparative study in Paiho and Tungshih”, Hwa Kang Geographical Journal, 21: 52-75.

 Tu, C. H., Chang, Y. S., and Pao, S. P., 2007, “A suitability assessment of refuge bases with urban public facilities- A case study of Chia-yi city”, Journal of Taiwan Land Research, 10(2), 23-48.

 Wang, C. Y., and Liao, C. C., 2008, “A multi-user classes emergency rescue network reconstruction model for large-scale natural disasters”, Journal of the Chinese Institute of Transportation, 20(1): 39-70.

 Wang, C. Y., and Yen, K. C., 2006, “A study on network reliability evaluation and restoration model for victims evacuation from disaster area”, Journal of the Chinese Institute of Transportation, 18(3): 297-330.

 Yasumichi, M., 1995, Area chiku protection against disasters method, Tokyo: Kajima publication.


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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume15, 2/3
Article The Influence of TOD Build Environment Attributes on Metro Ridership: A Case Study of Taipei City
Author Jen-Te Pai、Jen-Hua Liu

Transit-Oriented Development (TOD), a sustainable urban form, aims to integrate transportation and land use in anticipation of improving transport efficiency and land use function. The enhancement of Metro ridership is considered the primary target in TOD (Cervero, 2004), which has gradually become the main focus during the urban planning process. However, benefits and implementation of TOD are still under extensive discussion owing to the deviation between social and economic contexts in different countries. While studies of the influence of the built environment on TOD on Metro ridership have been conducted previously, cross-sectional data were used and the 5D characteristics of the built environment, i.e. density, diversity, design, destination accessibility and distance to transit, have not yet been verified or utilized. This study focuses on confirming the influence of the 5D characteristics of built environment on Metro ridership in Taipei, Taiwan for two study years (2001 and 2011). Multiple linear regression analysis was used to establish the models of influence, including an earlier and later stage model. Both the target models were calibrated using a base model (with the consideration of control variables only) and an expanded model (with the consideration of both control variables and the built environment variables). The results indicated that although the impact of significant variables on Metro ridership differed between the time periods, the “Density” variable remained the primarily influencing factor, and the “Diversity” variable became influential at a later stage. Furthermore, there were significant differences between the base model and the expanded model for both the target models, which indicated that inclusion of the built environment factors significantly influenced the explanatory power of the model. The results from this study can be used as an approach for Transit-Oriented Development in Taipei City.

Keywords Transit-Oriented Development, Metro ridership, built environment, multiple linear regression analysi
Pages pp.111-128

Boarnet, M.G., and Crane, R., 2001, Travel by DesignThe influence of Urban Form on Travel Demand, NY: Oxford University Press.

Carlton, I., 2007, Histories of Transit-Oriented Development: Perspectives on the Development of the TOD Concept, CA: Institute of Urban and Regional Development, University of California, Berkeley.

Cervero, R., and Kockelman, K., 1997, “Travel Demand and the 3Ds: Density, Diversity, and Design”, Transportation Research-D, 2(3): 199-219.

Cervero, R., and Murakami, J., 2009, “Rail and Property Development in Hong Kong: Experiences and Extensions”, Urban Studies, 46(10): 2019-2043.

Cervero, R., Murohy, S., Feerell, C., Goguts, N., and Y.H. Tsai., 2004, Transit-Oriented Development in the United States: Experiences, Challenges, and Prospects, Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board.

Cervero, R., Sarmiento, O.L., Jacoby, E., Gomez, L.F., and Neiman, A., 2009, “Influences of Built Environments on Walking and Cycling: Lessons from Bogotá”, International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 3(4): 203-226.

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Ewing, R., and Cervero, R., 2010, “Travel and the Built Environment: A Meta-Analysis”, Journal of the American Planning Association, 76(3): 265-294.

Freilich R. H., 1998, “The Land-Use Implications of Transit-Oriented Development: Controlling the Demand Side of Transportation Congestion and Urban Sprawl”, The Urban Lawyer, 30(3): 547-572.

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Li, C.N., and Lai, T.Y., 2007, “Establishment of the Goals and Strategies of Metropolitan Transit-oriented Development in Taipei”, Journal of Geographical Science, 48:19-42.

Li, C.N., and Lai, T.Y., 2009, “Transport and Land Use Relationship Defining Urban Form in Historical Context: A Comparative Analysis of 36 Global Cities”, Journal of City and Planning, 36(1): 25-49.

Lin, J.J., and Gau, C.C., 2006, “A TOD Planning Model to Review the Regulation of Allowable Development Densities Around Subway Stations”, Land Use Policy, 23(3): 353-360.

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Lin, J.J., and Shin, T.Y., 2008, “Does Transit-Oriented Development Affect Metro Ridership? Evidence from Taipei, Taiwan”, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2063: 149-158.

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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume15, 2/3
Article Innovative Capital and Intellectual Capital of Cultural Industries
Author Yi-Ling Ku

In decades, cultural industry plays a key role to promote local redevelopment. Taiwan also highlights the cultural creative industry as one of important policies to rise Taiwan’s advantages. However, a characteristic of intensive creation also let the cultural industry face risks of unstable market and consumer’s subjective favorites. The cultural industry should be, nodoubtly, embedded on a basis of learning, knowledge, intelligence, and social values to strength competition with innovations, arts, and a process of collective learning. Therefore, not only the knowledge and innovation are necessary achievements for incubating and promoting the cultural industry, but their capitals should also be evaluated to precisely diagnose issues and opportunities. Based on the perspectives of innovative capital and intellectual capital, this study tries to explore the context of such knowledge assets and discuss how they can strengthen stocks of innovative intellectual capital of the cultural industry for their development. By comparing two cases, Yingo’s ceramics industry and Taipei’s music industry, innovative capitals of staff and company should be the first key for developing the cultural industry. It not only can indicate the operability of the intellectual capital for the cultural industry, it also points out that the capital will be embedded and accumulated by ways of learning, intensive interaction, and knowledge and management ideas sharing in promoting the cultural industry. The findings can be proposed as strategies for sustainable development of the cultural industry.

Keywords cultural industry, innovative capital, intellectual capital, cultural economy
Pages pp. 129-154

Anna, W., Stanworth, J., Healeas, S., Purdy, D., and Stanworth, C., 2005, “Retail franchising: an intellectual capital perspective”, Journal of retaling and consumer services, 12:25-34.

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Hua, J., 2004, “Cultural industries far away from us: from the resource chain to production chain - multi-functional cultural industry and competitive strategies”, in Y. Xiang (eds.), The Peking University key report of cultural industries, Taipei: Empire Publication, 34-46.

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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume15, 2/3
Article Research on the Bubble of Condominiums-The Case Study in Taichung City
Author Wen-Chieh Lee、Fang-Shii Ning,、Ya-Chi Huang

Since there were not many papers focusing on the topic of the relationship between bubbles and housing characteristics, this paper studies the internal as well as the external causes of housing bubble by adopting the canonical Hedonic Pricing Method. By utilizing a constructed unique database composed of Taichung housing transactions, the detailed features of transactions on the condominiums can be investigated. The “Building Interior”, “Education”, “Leisure”, “Living Infrastructure”, “Location”, “Transportation”, “Security”, and “NIMBY” are collected as the measurement of quality of life in housing characteristics to complement the Star School District impact in the educational buffer. Using the logarithm of house price bubbles as dependent variable, and the independent variable taking distance between condominiums and facility the form of logarithm, the discover what factors are used for house price speculation.

The results show the resident of condominium prefers living in the prosperous urban area with serene environment. In other words, the closer the condominiums are with leisure facilities, such as public park, and the further they are with facilities that gathers crowd and traffic, such as transportation hub and entertainment facilities, the larger the bubble.

Keywords Housing Bubble, Condominium, Hedonic Price Method
Pages pp. 155-174


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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume15, 2/3
Article The Measurement of Social Capital in Rural Area of Taiwan: a Comparative Study of Eight Countryside
Author Shu-Jong Liau

For responding to the global context, many strategies regarding to rural tourism innovation of agricultural productions and urban-rural immigrants drove new economy in rural areas. However, it also caused social impacts in fast changes. This study based on the social capital of the rural tries to explore and compare differences of developments and advantages in selected 8 rural areas of Taiwan by questionnaire interviewing in telephone. It concludes studies of the social capital and proposes five assessments of the social capital to discuss findings and comments of investigations. The result shows there are a considerable degree of social capital in rural and goodness and harmony neighborhood relations presented in common values networks and trust mechanisms of social capital can be verified. By the way, different rural areas will also result differences in social capital accumulation. Furthermore, it finds the women has significantly positive attitude to promote activities and is a key to promote community public affairs.

Keywords rural development, social capital, rural studies
Pages pp. 175-192

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Journal of architecture and plannin Volume15, 2/3
Article Study on the Factors Affecting Changes of Land-use Ponds in Taoyuan City
Author Ke-Chin Yen、Yi-Yin Tsai、Ssu-Ning Chi

The Landscape of humanities is a form of space presented by the interaction between humans and the environment, and that its distribution can show the records of human activities on land. The pattern of land use is the displayed results. Ponds in Taiwan are mostly distributed in Taoyuan plateau. The reason is that back then the water diversion for irrigation on plateau agriculture was difficult, and the special landscape was formed as a result of excavation and embankment on land surface. However, as the Taoyuan area shifts toward urban development, the urban expansion plan focusing on land development causes damage to ponds in Taoyuan, and the land use is also changing. According to research, the factors causing the disappearance of ponds include the deterioration of water quality, diminishing of water supply, building sites development and many others. Recent climate change and population migration are also potential reasons. Exploring the causes for the disappearance of ponds and finding the impacting factors can be helpful for environment preservation, ecosystem conservation and the adaptation to climate change. Therefore, this study will collate and analyze the course of development and changes of ponds from the relevant historical documents from past scholars. Based on external driving factors, this study uses correlation coefficient to analyze the correlation between the factors and the changes of ponds area. Regression and factor analysis is performed to establish an empirical model. This is to explore the main driving forces behind the changes in land use of ponds while understanding what causes reduction in pond area and the dimensions impacting each function. The research findings can simulate the development of changes in land use of ponds, used as a reference for pond resource planning and ecological restoration in Taoyuan City in response to climate change.

Keywords Land-use change, Taoyuan ponds, Correlation analysis, Multiple regression model
Pages pp. 193-214

Chang, Y.L., 2005, A Study of Urban Land Use Change, Doctoral Dissertation, National Cheng Kung University Department of Urban Planning, Tainan, Taiwan.

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Chen, P.Y., 2006, A Study of the Relationship between The Landscape Characteristic of Tao-yen Pond and Water Bird, Master Dissertation, Chinese Culture University Department of Landscape, Taipei, Taiwan.

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Chou, C.Y., 2012, The Land Use Change Research of Highly Flood-Risk Watershed -A Case study of Tsengwen and Nanhua Reservoir Watershed, Master Dissertation, National Cheng Kung University Department of Urban Planning, Tainan, Taiwan.

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Hsu, C.C., 2007, Evaluation of Landscape Ecology Conservation Programs of Ponds and Agricultural Land in TaoYuan Area - An Application of Conjoint Analysis. Master Dissertation, Chinese Culture University Department of Landscape, Taipei, Taiwan.

Huang, C.J., 2008, A Study on the Application of the Irrigation Ponds’ Resources on the Leisure Activities. Master Dissertation, Fu Jen Catholic University Department of Landscape Design, Taipei, Taiwan.

Huang, H.T., 2007, A Study on Conservation Strategies of Taoyuan Ponds Resources from the Aspect of Land Use Restriction and Compensation Theory, Master Dissertation, National Taipei University of Technology of Department of Architecture and Urban Design, Taipei, Taiwan.

Jhang, W.S., 2013, A Spatial Analysis of Landuse Change and Influencing Factors in Taoyuan Area. Master Dissertation, National Taiwan Normal University Department of Geography, Taipei, Taiwan.

Lee, Y.C., 2009, The Study of Coastal Land Use Change Factors in Taiwan, Master Dissertation, National Cheng Kung University Department of Urban Planning, Tainan, Taiwan.

Lee, Y.L., 2004, Ponds toward the main canal--The irrigation progress on Taoyuan Tableland1683-1945. Master Dissertation, Soochow University Department of History, Taipei, Taiwan.

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