Volume / Issue
Journal of architecture and plannin volume 17,2/3
Article The Site Selection of Urban Green Space Based on the Perspectives of Ecological Balance in Jhubei
Author Tsu-Jen Ding、Shu-Wei Huang、Chao-Chun Liu

The leisure functions of green space are the primary considerations of urban planning in the past. It means the green space, been a public facility, plays a role in serving humanity. The primary purpose of this study is to select the suitable sites of green space based on the perspectives of ecological balance in Jhubei. The theories of landscape ecology were used to summarized assessment factor. The AHP procedures were used to integrate the opinions of experts in related fields. The GIS functions, combined with remote sensing images and field survey data, were used to calculate the scores of each assessment factors for every candidate site of green space. Finally, weighted summation was used to calculate the ecological score of each candidate site, then exploring the impacts of ecological functions in Jhubei if these candidate sites are set to park.

The results show that two factors including more plant species‘ and closer to ecological network‘ have the highest weights. If the five candidate sites with higher ecological score become parks, two indexes of ecological function including ?area‘ and 'distance to water‘ will enhance, but three ones including ?shape‘, ?distance to park‘ and ?distance to ecological network' will decrease, mainly due to Jhubei administrative belongs elongated shape. Overall, this scenario will increase environmental resources in maintaining the ecological balance of the urban as well as providing a more livable environment.

Keywords ecological balance, landscape ecology, GIS, AHP
Pages pp. 97-116

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Lin, Y.P., Wu, C.F., and Teng, T.P., 2004, “Applying Landscape Ecological matrices to Characterize Spatiotemporal Land Use Mosaic in Hsichih area from 1990 to 2001”, Journal of City and Planning, 31(3): 239-268.

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Journal of architecture and plannin volume 17,2/3
Article Evaluative Model of Projects of Landscape Ecological Planning- Application of AHP Method
Author Chun-Ho Chen

Traditional Planning Criteria Method uses relational planning criteria to evaluate planning projects. It generally makes a score to each planning criterion and lists the order of different projects according to its total scores. That method is easy to operate. But on account of lacking weights consideration, the result will not objectively be accurate.

The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) model was first established by Thomas L. Saaty in 1971. This method changes complex system into several simple element systems. During analytic process, it also uses eigen vector on behalf of priority of each element. If the result is in accordance with consistency, then the priority of several evaluation items can be determined on the basis of eigen value. The paper showed that five importance structural levels of the evaluative model of landscape ecological planning project according to the AHP method were in sequence "the suitability of number of patches", "the suitability of patch size", "the suitability of corridor, connectivity and the network system", "the suitability of patch shape", and "the suitability of edge". By this way, the superior can more objectively evaluate projects of landscape ecological planning and make decision

Keywords Landscape Ecology, Project Evaluation, AHP Model
Pages pp. 117-136

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Journal of architecture and plannin volume 17,2/3
Article Cross Country Analysis of Land Use Planning on Earthquake Prone Area
Author Hsueh-Sheng Chang、Tzu-Ling Chen

Structural measures change risk environment into safer place and such improvements leave a secure impression. With large scale of earthquake disasters, structural measures might provide limited against effect. Relatively, non-structural engineering measures such as land use plan receive increasing attention by controlling development location, type and intensity and to physically lead new development away from risk area but safer places. Although the faith and confidence of land use planning on disaster mitigation are challenged by the public, both America and New Zealand have identified and regulated land use planning on active fault zone. Currently, the regulations of direct, indirect and information disclosure on seismic disaster in Taiwan are too general, and it is necessary to take disaster risks into consideration while approving development plans. Therefore, this study refers to disaster mitigation land use planning experiences in America and New Zealand to conduct a comparative analysis on land use planning and related acts. This study might be suitable referred to future disaster mitigation land use plan in Taiwan.

Keywords Nonstructural engineering measures, earthquake disaster, Land use planning, Active fault zone
Pages pp. 137-152

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Journal of architecture and plannin volume 17,2/3
Article The Emerging Urban Cluster of Platform Enterprises: The Case of the Startups Shift from Silicon Val
Author Hung-Chun Lin

Early since the 80s, Silicon Valley has become the world-class tech-pole attracted talent, capitals, and enterprises as a giant cluster in a self-enforcement way to the economic prosperity. However, in recent years, there are evidences showed that startups migrated from Silicon Valley to the north: San Francisco city. The emerging phenomenon is unable to explain by the traditional cluster theories by the following question: “Why San Francisco is a better place than Silicon Valley which is still in the crown of technology-industries region in the world? The explanations are exogenous by the rent sharply decreased after the 2007 financial crisis, comprehensive urban ICT infrastructure, and the supportive entrepreneurship ecosystem. The major endogenous reasoning is because of the business model of the platform enterprises has advantages to grow, exhibition, create online flow and scaling up in the urban environment.

From the perspective of the cluster theory, the spatial proximity and the diversity in the urban environment bring more positive effect of knowledge spillover and the networking as usual arguments. The difference is that platform enterprises are independently competing each other because of the similarity on technology and targeting, as the urban consumers are gradually educated by the innovative product and service, these startups agglomerate closely and keep catching up as a pivot to adapt rapidly for the market. In implication of the urban environment, the emergence of these platform-startup enterprises are not only facilitating the institutional change in the relations between production and consumption, but having the potential to patch the negative urban externalities. However, as it may bring the risk to society as well, the critical challenge would be how to balance with the innovation both for public and private sectors.

Keywords Industry cluster, Startup, Venture Capital, Platform Enterprise, San Francisco, Silicon Valley
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